Adverbs are used to give us more information and are used to modify verbs, clauses and other adverbs.
The difficulty of identifying adverbs is that they can appear at different places in a sentence.
The best way to recognize an adverb is to use the common ending -ly.
Here are examples of simple adverbs: fast, quiet, luckily
Most adverbs are made by adding –ly to adjectives:
2. Use of adverbs
We can use an adverb to :
2.1. to modify verbs
- The bus moved slowly.
2.2. to modify adjectives
- You look absolutely fabulous!
2.3. to modify adverbs
- You’re speaking too quietly.
2.4. to modify quantities
- There are quite a lot of people here.
2.5. to modify sentences
- Unfortunately, the flight to Dallas had been cancelled.
3. Types of adverbs
3.1. Adverbs of manner
3.2. Adverbs of degree
3.3. Adverbs of frequency
3.4. Adverbs of time
3.5. Adverbs of place
4. How do know whether to use an adjective or an adverb?
John is a careful driver. – In this sentences we say how John is – careful. If we want to say that the careful John did not drive the usual way yesterday – we have to use the adverb:
- John did not drive carefully yesterday.
Here is another example:
- I am a slow walker. (How am I? → slow → adjective)
- I walk slowly. (How do I walk? → slowly → adverb)