Past tense 3 – Past perfect tense

by Chmayzen EL.
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1. Introduction

The past perfect tense expresses that an action was completed (finished or “perfected”) at some point in the past before something else happened. This tense is formed with the past tense form of “to have” (HAD) + the past participle of the verb

In these examples, Event 1 is the event that happened first and Event 2 is the second or more recent event:

Event 1 Event 2
John had gone out when I arrived in the office.
Event 1 Event 2
I had saved my document before the computer crashed.

2. Forming the past perfect

The Past Perfect tense in English is composed of two parts: the past tense of the verb to have (had) + the past participle of the main verb.

The Past Perfect tense in English is composed of two parts: the past tense of the verb to have (had) + the past participle of the main verb.

Subject had past participle
Affirmative
She had given
Negative
She hadn’t asked.
Interrogative
Had they arrived?
Interrogative Negative
Hadn’t you finished?

3. Example

To play in past perfect

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I had played I hadn’t played Had I played?
You had played You hadn’t played Had you played?
She had played She hadn’t played Had she played?
We had played We hadn’t played Had we played?
They had played They hadn’t played Had they played?
5080cookie-checkPast tense 3 – Past perfect tense

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