Past tense 1 – Simple past tense

by Chmayzen EL.
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1. Introduction

Past tense describe an completed action that has happend in the past, many past tense verbs are formed by adding “ed” to the verb : paly = played, speak speaked …

2. How to Form a Past Simple

2.1. Regular Verbs

To form a past simple with regular verbs you will add “ed” to the verb like :

  • I closed the door.
  • She cooked a dinner
  • My father died last year.
  • She lived in Paris in 1988.
  • It rained yesterday.
  • Jack watched TV all night.

2.2. Regular Verbs ending in an “…e”

Regular verbs ending in a silent “e” (live, close,wipe etc..) take /-d/ in the simple past and past participle:

  • I lived in New York since 2000.
  • He closed the window.
  • they wiped the floor.

2.3. Regular Verbs ending in an “…y”

Regular verbs ending in a consonant + y take /-ied/ in the simple past and past participle (the y becomes an i followed by /-ed/)

  • marry=married
  • pply / applied; bully / bullied; bury / buried;
  • carry / carried; copy / copied; cry / cried;
  • dry / dried; ferry / ferried; fry / fried;
  • hurry / hurried; marry married;
  • parry / parried; pry / pried; query / queried;
  • rely / relied; tarry / tarried; tidy / tidied;
  • try / tried; vary / varied; worry / worried

3. Special cases of the -ed forms:

Follow these rules when there is a consonant after a vowel (stop, ban, open, offer…)

  • If there is a consonant after a stressed vowel at the end of the word, double the consonant
    stop – stopped
    ban – banned
    swap – swapped
  • If the vowel is not stressed, we do not double it:
    open – opened (Here the stress is on’o’, not the ‘e’.)
    offer – offered ( Here the stress is on ‘o’, not the ‘e’.)

4. Simple past, irregular verb

Some verbs are irregular in the simple past:

to go

  • He went to a club last night.
  • Did he go to the cinema last night?
  • He didn’t go to bed early last night.

to give

  • We gave her a doll for her birthday.
  • They didn’t give Jean their new address.
  • Did Barry give you my passport?

to come

  • My parents came to visit me last month.
  • We didn’t come because it was raining.
  • Did he come to your party last month?

 

Table of the most common irregular verbs :

infinitive
be
I am
he is
we are
beat
become
begin
bet*
blow
break
bring
build
burst
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
deal
do
draw
drink
drive
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
fly
forget
freeze
get
give
go
grow
hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
know
lay
lead
leave
lend
let
lie**
light*
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
read
ride
ring
rise
run
say
see
sell
send
set
shake
steal
shine
shoot
show*
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
slide
speak
spend
spring
stand
stick
swear
sweep
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
understand
wake*
wear
weave
win
write
simple past
was/were
I was
he was
we were
beat
became
began
bet
blew
broke
brought
built
burst
bought
caught
chose
came
cost
cut
dealt
did
drew
drank
drove
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
flew
forgot
froze
got
gave
went
grew
hung
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knew
laid
led
left
lent
let
lay
lit
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
read
rode
rang
rose
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
shook
stole
shone
shot
showed
shut
sang
sank
sat
slept
slid
spoke
spent
sprang
stood
stuck
swore
swept
swam
swung
took
taught
tore
told
thought
threw
understood
woke
wore
wove
won
wrote
past participle
been
I have been
he has been
we have been
beaten
become
begun
bet
blown
broken
brought
built
burst
bought
caught
chosen
come
cost
cut
dealt
done
drawn
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
flown
forgotten
frozen
got, gotten
given
gone
grown
hung
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
known
laid
led
left
lent
let
lain
lit
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
read
ridden
rung
risen
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set
shaken
stolen
shone
shot
shown
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slept
slid
spoken
spent
sprung
stood
stuck
sworn
swept
swum
swung
taken
taught
torn
told
thought
thrown
understood
woken
worn
woven
won
written

5. Notes on affirmative, negative, & interrogative forms

5.1. Affirmative:

The affirmative of the simple past tense is simple.

  • I was in paris last year
  • She had a headache yesterday.
  • We did our homework last night.

5.1. Interrogative:

Past simple in question, for all verbs (regular & irregular) in simple past we use auxiliary  “to do” but we need the participle tense so we will use did + infinitive form of the verb :
Example:
  1. Did she talk to him this morning?
  2. Did you ride your bicycles yesterday?
  3. Did they work on the farm last year ?

5.1. Negative:

Past simple in the negation we also use participle tense of the verb “to do” = did, For the negative and interrogative simple past form of “to do” as an ordinary verb, use the auxiliary “did”  :
did + not (didn’t) + infinitive form of the verb
  1. I didn’t have any money.
  2. He didn’t have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.
4710cookie-checkPast tense 1 – Simple past tense

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