Past tense describe an completed action that has happend in the past, many past tense verbs are formed by adding “ed” to the verb : paly = played, speak speaked …
2. How to Form a Past Simple
2.1. Regular Verbs
To form a past simple with regular verbs you will add “ed” to the verb like :
- I closed the door.
- She cooked a dinner
- My father died last year.
- She lived in Paris in 1988.
- It rained yesterday.
- Jack watched TV all night.
2.2. Regular Verbs ending in an “…e”
Regular verbs ending in a silent “e” (live, close,wipe etc..) take /-d/ in the simple past and past participle:
- I lived in New York since 2000.
- He closed the window.
- they wiped the floor.
2.3. Regular Verbs ending in an “…y”
Regular verbs ending in a consonant + y take /-ied/ in the simple past and past participle (the y becomes an i followed by /-ed/)
- pply / applied; bully / bullied; bury / buried;
- carry / carried; copy / copied; cry / cried;
- dry / dried; ferry / ferried; fry / fried;
- hurry / hurried; marry married;
- parry / parried; pry / pried; query / queried;
- rely / relied; tarry / tarried; tidy / tidied;
- try / tried; vary / varied; worry / worried
3. Special cases of the -ed forms:
Follow these rules when there is a consonant after a vowel (stop, ban, open, offer…)
- If there is a consonant after a stressed vowel at the end of the word, double the consonant
stop – stopped
ban – banned
swap – swapped
- If the vowel is not stressed, we do not double it:
open – opened (Here the stress is on’o’, not the ‘e’.)
offer – offered ( Here the stress is on ‘o’, not the ‘e’.)
4. Simple past, irregular verb
Some verbs are irregular in the simple past:
- He went to a club last night.
- Did he go to the cinema last night?
- He didn’t go to bed early last night.
- We gave her a doll for her birthday.
- They didn’t give Jean their new address.
- Did Barry give you my passport?
- My parents came to visit me last month.
- We didn’t come because it was raining.
- Did he come to your party last month?
Table of the most common irregular verbs :
5. Notes on affirmative, negative, & interrogative forms
The affirmative of the simple past tense is simple.
- I was in paris last year
- She had a headache yesterday.
- We did our homework last night.
- Did she talk to him this morning?
- Did you ride your bicycles yesterday?
- Did they work on the farm last year ?
- I didn’t have any money.
- He didn’t have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.