The simple present (also called present simple or present indefinite) The simple present tense is simple to form. Just use the base form of the verb: (I take, you take, we take, they take) The 3rd person singular takes an -s at the end. (he takes, she takes).
The simple present used to :
- To express habits, general realities, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes: I smoke (habit); I work in Paris (unchanging situation); New York is a large city (general truth)
- To talk about scheduled actions in the near future: Your exam starts at 09.00
- To express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until: He’ll give it to you when you come next Saturday.
- To give instructions or directions: You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.
general state, whether temporary, permanent or habitual.
- You are happy.
- I know what to do.
- A child needs its mother.
- I love you.
- The earth revolves around the sun.
- A king beats a jack
- Many Americans drink coffee in the morning.
For instructions or directions
- Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
- You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.
For fixed arrangements
- His mother arrives tomorrow.
- Our holiday starts on the 26th March
With future constructions
- We leave for Berlin tomorrow at 1 pm.
- Our holiday starts on the 20th May.
- He drinks tea at breakfast.
- She only eats fish.
- They watch television regularly.
3. How to Form the Simple Present
In the simple present tense, most regular verbs use the root form, except in the third-person singular (which ends in -s).
- First-person singular: I read
- Second-person singular: You read
- Third-person singular: He/she/it reads (note the ‑s)
- First-person plural: We read
- Second-person plural: You read
- Third-person plural: They read
For a few verbs, the third-person singular ends with -es instead of -s. Typically, these are verbs whose root form ends in o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or z.
- First-person singular: I do
- Second-person singular: You do
- Third-person singular: He/she/it does (note the ‑es)
- First-person plural: We do
- Second-person plural: You do
- Third-person plural: They do
For most regular verbs, you put the negation of the verb before the verb, e.g. “She won’t go” or “I don’t smell anything.”
The verb to be is irregular:
- First-person singular: I am
- Second-person singular: You are
- Third-person singular: He/she/it is
- First-person plural: We are
- Second-person plural: You are
- Third-person plural: They are
4. How to Make the Simple Present Negative
To make a simple present verb negative you can use this form : do/does + not + [root form of verb].
Positive: Jack eats Piza every day.
Negative: Jack doesn’t eat Piza every day.